Antimicrobial resistance, class 1 integrons, and horizontal transfer in Salmonella isolated from retail food in Henan, China
Introduction: Salmonellosis remains one of the most frequently occurring foodborne diseases worldwide, especially in developing countries. The increasing prevalence of multidrug resistance among Salmonella isolates from food has been an emerging problem in China.
Methodology: In this study, a total of 638 food samples including raw meat, seafood, vegetables, and cooked meat were collected in Henan province of China between July 2007 and August 2008 to determine the prevalence of Salmonella. These isolates were subjected to serotyping, antimicrobial susceptibility, presence of class 1 integrons, and horizontal transfer of integrons.
Results: The overall percentage of Salmonella prevalence was 9.7% (n = 62). Among these isolates, S. Anatum and S. Senftenberg were most common, and high rates of antimicrobial resistance were observed to sulfamethoxazole (90.3%), trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole (87.1%), streptomycin (29.0%), and ciprofloxacin (25.8%). Class 1 integrons were detected in 16.1% of these isolates, and contained gene cassettes dfrA12-aadA2, dfrA1-aadA1, and dfrA1. Three Salmonella isolates could transfer their integrons and resistance genes to Escherichia coli by conjugation.
Conclusions: Our findings indicate that the mobile DNA elements could play an important role in the dissemination of resistance determinants among those Salmonella isolates.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).