The prevalence of Trichuris spp. infection in indoor and outdoor cats on St. Kitts

  • Jenifer Kathleen Ketzis Ross University School of Veterinary Medicine, Basseterre, St. Kitts and Nevis, West Indies
  • Linda Shell Ross University School of Veterinary Medicine, Basseterre, St. Kitts and Nevis, West Indies
  • Sarah Chinault Ross University School of Veterinary Medicine, Basseterre, St. Kitts and Nevis, West Indies
  • Charles Pemberton Ross University School of Veterinary Medicine, Basseterre, St. Kitts and Nevis, West Indies
  • Mary M Pereira Ross University School of Veterinary Medicine, Basseterre, St. Kitts and Nevis, West Indies
Keywords: Cats, Trichuris spp., Caribbean, parasite prevalence

Abstract

Introduction: The present study was conducted to evaluate the prevalence of Trichuris spp. and other intestinal parasitic infections in owned cats on St. Kitts.

Methodology: The feces of 41 non-feral cats (23 indoor only; 18 indoor/outdoor) were examined for the presence of Trichuris spp. eggs.

Results: Nine (22%) of the cats were positive for Trichuris spp. Prevalence of trichuriasis in indoor cats was 26.0% as compared to 16.7% in outdoor cats. Other parasites identified included Ancylostoma spp. (10%; 4 cats), Toxocara cati (2%; 1 cat), Platynosomum spp. (22%; 9 cats), Mammomonogamus spp. (2%; 1 cat) and coccidia (7%; 3 cats).

Conclusion: On St. Kitts, indoor cats are as likely to have parasite infections as outdoor cats. Given the zoonotic potential of some of the identified parasites, periodical anthelmintic treatment should be provided to both indoor and outdoor cats.

Author Biography

Jenifer Kathleen Ketzis, Ross University School of Veterinary Medicine, Basseterre, St. Kitts and Nevis, West Indies
Assistant Professor, Dept. of Biomedical Sciences
Published
2015-01-15
How to Cite
1.
Ketzis JK, Shell L, Chinault S, Pemberton C, Pereira MM (2015) The prevalence of Trichuris spp. infection in indoor and outdoor cats on St. Kitts. J Infect Dev Ctries 9:111-113. doi: 10.3855/jidc.5778
Section
Brief Original Articles