Recommended advanced techniques for waterborne pathogen detection in developing countries

  • Fatimah S Alhamlan King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Center, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
  • Ahmed Ali Al-Qahtani King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Center, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
  • Mohammed N. Ahmed Al-Ahdal King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Center, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
Keywords: waterborne pathogens, molecular techniques, next-generation sequencing, developing countries

Abstract

The effect of human activities on water resources has expanded dramatically during the past few decades, leading to the spread of waterborne microbial pathogens. The total global health impact of human infectious diseases associated with pathogenic microorganisms from land-based wastewater pollution was estimated to be approximately three million disability-adjusted life years (DALY), with an estimated economic loss of nearly 12 billion US dollars per year. Although clean water is essential for healthy living, it is not equally granted to all humans. Indeed, people who live in developing countries are challenged every day by an inadequate supply of clean water. Polluted water can lead to health crises that in turn spread waterborne pathogens. Taking measures to assess the water quality can prevent these potential risks. Thus, a pressing need has emerged in developing countries for comprehensive and accurate assessments of water quality. This review presents current and emerging advanced techniques for assessing water quality that can be adopted by authorities in developing countries.

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Published
2015-02-19
How to Cite
1.
Alhamlan FS, Al-QahtaniAA, Al-AhdalMNA (2015) Recommended advanced techniques for waterborne pathogen detection in developing countries. J Infect Dev Ctries 9:128-135. doi: 10.3855/jidc.6101
Section
Reviews

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