Air pollution and other risk factors might buffer COVID-19 severity in Mozambique


  • Jose Sumbana Department of Biological Sciences, Eduardo Mondlane University, Maputo, Mozambique
  • Jahit Sacarlal Department of Microbiology, Eduardo Mondlane University, Maputo, Mozambique
  • Salvatore Rubino Department of Biomedical Sciences, University of Sassari, Sassari, Italy



SARS-CoV-2, Risk factors, Mozambique, COVID-19, severity


Mozambique is located on the East Coast of Africa and was one of the last countries affected by COVID-19. The first case was reported on 22 March 2020 and since then the cases have increased gradually as they have in other countries worldwide. Environmental and population characteristics have been analyzed worldwide to understand their possible association with COVID-19. This article seeks to highlight the evolution and the possible contribution of risk factors for COVID-19 severity according to the available data in Mozambique. The available data highlight that COVID-19 severity can be magnified mainly by hypertension, obesity, cancer, asthma, HIV/SIDA and malnutrition conditions, and buffered by age (youthful population). Due to COVID-19 epidemic evolution, particularly in Cabo Delgado, there is the need to increase laboratory diagnosis capacity and monitor compliance of preventive measures. Particular attention should be given to Cabo Delgado, including its isolation from other provinces, to overcome local transmission and the spread of SARS-CoV-2.




How to Cite

Sumbana J, Sacarlal J, Rubino S (2020) Air pollution and other risk factors might buffer COVID-19 severity in Mozambique. J Infect Dev Ctries 14:994–1000. doi: 10.3855/jidc.13057



Coronavirus Pandemic