The evaluation of a multimodal hand hygiene improvement strategy in Cambodian hospitals
Introduction: Hand hygiene is the most effective method of preventing healthcare-associated infections. Healthcare-associated infections are considered serious in developing countries, and there are few reports on the hand-hygiene status of these countries. Thus, we evaluated hand-hygiene status in eight hospitals in Cambodia to understand and identify factors hindering effective infection control.
Methodology: Eight infection-management instructors working in one of the eight Cambodian government hospitals in a large city were interviewed with the WHO Hand Hygiene Self-Assessment Framework.
Results: The mean Hand Hygiene Self-Assessment Framework score across the eight hospitals was 177.81 ± 56.73. The overall level of compliance with the multimodal hand hygiene improvement strategy across these eight hospitals was basic-two hospitals scored inadequate and six hospitals scored basic. The scores for the 5 factors of the Hand Hygiene Self-Assessment Framework were as follows: 45.63 ± 15.45 for system change, 33.13 ± 16.89 for education and training, 27.81 ± 21.65 for evaluation and feedback, 58.13 ± 5.30 for reminders in the workplace, and 13.13 ± 11.00 for institutional safety climate for hand hygiene
Conclusions: The promotion of hand hygiene compliance requires the establishment of a basic infrastructure, reinforcement of the hand hygiene education system, and provision of diverse educational materials, as well as the fostering of a professional workforce for education. Hospitals should also bolster their management systems for hand hygiene compliance.
Copyright (c) 2020 Bomi An, Sook Ja Yang
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).