Salmonella Schwarzengrund, Akuafo, and O:16 isolated from vacuum-packaged beef produced in the state of Mato Grosso, Brazil
Keywords:food production, Microbial contamination, Foodborne Illness, beef contamination, Beef exports
Introduction: Salmonella spp. is a pathogen associated with foodborne infections, mainly in foods of animal origin. In this context, the present study investigated the occurrence of Salmonella serotypes, genotypes and the antimicrobial resistance profiles of strains in fresh beef produced in Mato Grosso, Brazil.
Methodology: A total of 107 samples from 13 different slaughterhouses in the Mato Grosso were analyzed. Suggestive Salmonella spp. colonies detected during the biochemical screening were submitted to DNA extraction, and hilA gene amplification was used for the PCR reaction. Antimicrobial resistance analyses were performed using 17 antimicrobial agents from eight different classes by the disk diffusion method. Strains exhibiting multiple drug resistances were submitted to PCR genotyping based on repetitive sequences (rep-PCR), using a commercial semiautomatic DiversiLab® system.
Results: A total of 5.6% (6/107) of the samples tested positive by the conventional method and were confirmed by PCR, namely two S. Akuafo, two non-typable Salmonella enterica strains, one Salmonella O:16 serovar, and one S. Schwarzengrund. The antimicrobial resistance profiles indicated resistance to gentamicin (30%), tetracycline, nitrofurantoin, and trimethoprim + sulfamethoxazole (16%). Genotyping indicated a 70% difference between S. Schwarzengrund and the non-typable Salmonella strains. No genetic similarities were observed between the six Salmonella isolates based on rep-PCR, including two S. Akuafo.
Conclusions: The results obtained herein corroborate that Salmonella serovar Schwarzengrund is commonly isolated in animal products in the state of Mato Grosso, Brazil, also highlighting the presence of two unusual Salmonella serovars in beef (Akuafo and O:16).
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