Molecular typing and drug resistance analysis of carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae from paediatric patients in China
Keywords:Whole genome sequencing, paediatrics, carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae, molecular typing, drug resistance
Introduction: There are few studies on paediatric carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae (CRKP) in China. The present study investigated the molecular epidemiological and drug resistance characteristics of CRKP from paediatric patients in China to provide a reference for the prevention and control of CRKP infection.
Methodology: In total, 20 nonrepetitive clinical CRKP isolates were collected between February 2019 and February 2020 in a tertiary hospital in China. Strain identification and drug susceptibility testing were carried out using the VITEK® 2 Compact Bacterial Identification and Monitoring System. Sequence typing, phylogenetic relationships, and antibiotic resistance-associated genes were analysed by whole genome sequencing (WGS).
Results: sequence typing (MLST) and Core genome multilocus sequence typing (cgMLST) analysis revealed the most frequently represented were ST2407-CT3536 (30%), ST76-CT5893 (25%), and ST309-CT7864 (25%). All 20 CRKP isolates were divided into three clusters. All isolates were highly resistant to a variety of β-lactams and were highly susceptible to quinolones, aminoglycosides, and sulphonamides. All isolates mainly carried the carbapenem resistance genes blaNDM-1 and blaKPC-2, among which 10 isolates carried both blaNDM-1 and blaKPC-2 simultaneously.
Conclusions: Sequence typing, phylogenetic relationships, and antibiotic resistance genes can be determined using WGS technology. This can guide CRKP infection control and clinical treatment for paediatric patients.
How to Cite
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).